Treating the Mental Health Roots of Homelessness
For most, homelessness is a fluid situation, a state they phase in and out of as they grapple with economic, personal, or relational struggles. Mental illness and homelessness are strongly correlated — according to a 2015 survey, 25 percent of Americans experiencing homelessness suffered from a serious mental illness, while 45 percent demonstrated at least some degree of mental illness. Failure to offer these individuals the attention or care they require contributes to a high recurrence of homelessness and perpetuates the issue.
With Erie County experiencing unseasonably cold temperatures and its first major snowfalls this month, the hardships of persons experiencing homelessness locally are magnified. ECCM seeks to limit homelessness by treating those disproportionately affected — individuals coping with mental illnesses and addiction problems — through our Homeless Behavioral Health and Shelter Plus Care programs.
What does the Erie County homeless population look like?
Erie Home Team, a coalition of community organizations (including ECCM) committed to eradicating homelessness, prepares an annual Single-Point-In-Time (SPIT) report on what the homeless population looks like on a given night. While SPIT report data is not the definitive measure of local homelessness, it provides a telling snapshot. The 2019 report, entitled “Making Everyone Count,” was conducted on the night of February 1st and drew these insights:
- 2019 was the third consecutive year of homelessness increase in Erie County, with 1,040 individuals accounted for, up from 1,022 during a similar point in time in 2018, 941 in 2017, and 871 in 2016.
- Most individuals experiencing homelessness were able to acquire shelter (only six of the 1,040 went unsheltered that evening).
- Homelessness is an institutional issue: 644 of those individuals were lodged in permanent shelters, versus 273 who had sought emergency shelters and 117 who had taken refuge in transitional shelters. Serious mental health issues require regular attention and care to keep those affected off the streets. Studies estimate that half of those with severe psychiatric disorders are left untreated.
- Children are not bystanders to homelessness; they’re ensnared in it — 135 households with children and 25 with only children were counted in the study.
Why do so many individuals find themselves homeless?
Homelessness has myriad causes, many of them painfully interwoven into our societal fabric — thus there is no single or easy cure. Some of the most common include:
- Affordable housing shortages
- Housing discrimination based on race, ethnicity, immigration status and/or sexual orientation.
- Lack of adequate income, stemming from a loss of job or lack of available public assistance
- Inability to pay for healthcare
- Traumatic events, such as the loss of property from a fire or extreme weather event, or serious injury or death to a household’s primary earner.
- Fleeing domestic violence
- Mental health and addiction challenges
Mental health issues and substance abuse problems are both catalysts and byproducts of homelessness. As a community, we need to allocate the necessary resources to help break this vicious cycle.
ECCM’s role in the fight to end homelessness
Severe mental illnesses are major hurdles to clear on their own — and add an additional layer of difficulty to all of the challenges discussed previously. Our Homelessness Behavioral Health services deliver support to persons with severe illnesses in the form of treatment, rehabilitation, and housing resources. Our Shelter Plus Care program is an integrated treatment solution assisting those with drug or alcohol addictions with housing as they commit themselves to independence once and for all.